My Friends Get Real About What It’s Like to Be Friends With My Chronically Ill Self – The Mighty

A group of friends sitting in a cafe. The color presents a warm feeling.
Chronic Pain

My Friends Get Real About What It’s Like to Be Friends With My Chronically Ill Self

Kat Harrison  •  FollowSeptember 28, 2018


I have wanted to write a thoughtful piece about friendship and chronic pain for the longest time. I’ve saved several drafts of half-written essays that were either entirely unhelpful or read like a journal entry. It’s a topic that I have a cacophony of feelings on, as I feel epically grateful to have maintained a few really incredible connections throughout my life. I’ve also lost a host of friendships, too, so I’m not immune to the isolation, the abandonment or the chronic loneliness of it all.

As the sick friend, I am hyperaware that life can, and absolutely, does go on without me. I struggle with balancing the self-care and the sheer need to connect. During rough times, I am particularly cloaked with extra layers of guilt. And shame. And suffocating self-doubt.

So amidst my waffling about how to approach this subject, I landed on the idea to move the microphone away from myself, and to let you hear from the experts themselves: my friends. I’m letting them remain anonymous, so their true opinions can soar without guilt or attachment, but I’d like to tell you a little bit about them.

The snippets that you’ll read below are from some of the coolest people I know. They are whip-smart, genuinely caring to all ends of the earth, and give my messy life so much meaning and dimension. I’m not sure what I did in this life to deserve them, but I’m willing to share their boundless hearts with all of you.

If you’re the chronically ill friend in the twosome, I hope you’ll gleam some comfort from their answers. Reading through their interviews reminded me that I have worth despite my challenges, and so do you. Keep going.

And if you’re new to a “nontraditional” friendship such as this, welcome aboard this rock-and-roll boat and hang in there. The journey isn’t perfect and it may be a bit prickly at times, but there’s nothing like it. Stick around for the rainbow.

Before we dive into the specifics, give me your general impressions about chronic pain and friendship.

“It’s exactly the same as having a friend without chronic pain!”

“It’s like having window-only access to a scary world that you can’t experience for yourself. Your friend is stuck on the other side and you only see glimpses, [like] when they have the blinds open. You don’t have to experience it yourself to feel the effects.”

“It’s a gift. [Your] chronic pain has helped to give me perspective on what really matters in life.”

“It reminds me that we each have our own story to tell.”

Let’s talk about the challenges. Be honest.

“Talking about health issues can be tough. As a friend, you feel kind of helpless. You’re not a medical expert so you can’t give advice. [If] you live far away, you can’t bring over dinner or dog sit. It’s so hard and makes your heart ache.”

“I struggle with feeling guilty that I don’t and can’t really understand what you are going through, and am often afraid that I may be doing something to make things harder without even knowing it.”

“The relationship not only requires more flexibility and forgiveness in scheduling, but it also demands honesty from both participants. This unique breed of friendship commands a level of authenticity that can be uncomfortable for a lot of people. When tough topics are a very big part of your friend’s daily life, those topics become an unavoidable part of your conversation. Because of this, it is nearly impossible to maintain a superficial friendship with a spoonie — it’s a 0-60 approach.”

“[I struggle with] wanting to check in on your health but not always knowing the right words or approach…or if you even want to talk about it. I’m happy to listen and try to understand, but I wonder if maybe you’d rather not go through all the details.”

What have you learned about life from our friendship?

“Over the past several years, my husband and I have faced infertility and pregnancy loss. During the toughest times, I found the support of someone who understood frustration, isolation and feelings of failure to be invaluable. While I would never wish chronic illness on anyone, it has been a part of an authentic, enriching friendship.”

“Sometimes just getting out of bed is difficult. And [so is] learning, recognizing and accepting physical limitations. But I have also learned the beauty in connecting with someone going through challenges, and finding ways to connect that might look different than other friendships.”

“Someone may appear to be functioning completely normally and without pain, and yet inside they are suffering, completely undetectable to those around them. I learned how difficult it is for those that are highly functioning while in pain to explain to the people around them that despite the tough face they put on to get through the day, that there is a lot they aren’t witness to behind the scenes.”

“I’ve gained a better understating of what day-to-day pain looks like lived out. Living with chronic pain gives people very unique perspectives on life and I find myself checking my attitude a lot through our conversations.”

What advice do you have for those that are new to a friendship, or are struggling to connect, with an in-pain counterpart?

“It may seem obvious, but just listen. I think anyone that is going through any kind of struggle just wants to feel heard.”

“Show up. Showing up can take many forms: food after surgery, gifts to the caregiving partner, hanging out just to watch TV, sending flowers, etc. Showing up doesn’t require an in-person visit. Show up even if you feel uncomfortable, or are afraid you will say the wrong thing, or don’t know how to be supportive. It’s the gesture that matters in the long run.”

“Ask the tough questions. The more you know about your friend’s unique challenges, the more equipped you are to help them. A topic you think might be uncomfortable to talk about is probably a topic of daily conversation in their world. Asking questions and opening up the conversation shows them you care and that you aren’t afraid to go to the uncomfortable places with them.”

“Be empathetic, but also acknowledge how strong your friend is. You can learn a lot about positivity and gratitude. Don’t be afraid!”

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7 Things Healthy People Need to Know to Understand the “Pain Experience” – The Mighty

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Chronic Pain

7 Things Healthy People Need to Know to Understand the ‘Pain Experience’

Jo Malby  •  FollowSeptember 1, 2016


Pain Assessment – What is your Profile? - PainPathways Magazine

Chronic pain changes everything in life, most entirely invisible to outsiders. Many people do not seem to understand chronic pain or just how extensive its effects are, how exhausting always being in pain is, how displacing and uncertain, nor how hard that pain makes it to concentrate and think.

They cannot see that they have attempted numerous treatments, approaches and alternative therapies to heal and manage that pain, and know what therapies have worked or not worked for them, while the depth of loss and longing for our lives before it began becomes as constant as the pain.

There are so many considerations healthy people do not have, alongside symptoms themselves, the attitude of others, as well as our own complex inner feelings. The chronic pain patient wants those around them to empathize with their situation rather than be sympathetic, to have understanding, not pity, though sadly, understanding can be extremely rare. Not that there aren’t compassionate souls who support us, but because the “pain experience” is hard to grasp.

In the spirit of informing those who wish to understand, here are some things that can enable you to do just that to help people who have, often debilitating, chronic pain:

1. Those with chronic pain talk differently from those not in pain.

Those with chronic pain often talk differently from those free of constant pain. Many people forget that after many years of pain, we just want to appear normal — so we modify our behavior, and avoid letting people see just how much pain we are really in.

A numeric pain scale is used as a quantitative measure to identify pain intensity for medical professionals, with description of pain being on a scale from one to 10 (one being “no pain at all” and 10, the “worst pain ever felt”).

After many years of chronic pain and despite it often worsening, this scale may change and shift, instead being more reflective of individual tolerance to ongoing pain, especially in progressive conditions. What was once an eight is now a six, for instance. People can only measure pain against the most pain they have experienced.

Yet for most who may have experienced pain at this level, this was acute pain, a different physiological process, and even if was severe, it was likely still brief when compared to constant pain of CRPS, for example. This makes such subjective understanding by those without chronic pain all the more difficult.

2. Never assume the chronic pain patient is not experiencing pain when they say they are fine.

Hiding the pain due to lack of understanding in others, protecting others (from feeling uneasy or helpless, after all, no one likes seeing someone they care for in pain), or just to fit in is a natural response to ongoing pain. Accept that words are often inadequate to articulate how the chronic pain patient is feeling.

Recall a time when you were in pain, then multiply the intensity and try to imagine that pain is present 24 hours a day, every day, without any relief in sight. It’s hard to find the words for that kind of pain or experience.

3. Respect the person with chronic pain’s physical limitations.

With chronic pain and invisible illness, the uncertain nature of our fluctuating symptoms can be as confusing to us as patients as it is to those around us. Our mobility, pain levels and ability to cope with movement can be erratic, unpredictable, and frustrating for all involved.

Pain patients do not know from day-to-day how they are going to feel when they wake up and each day has to be taken as it comes. In many cases, they don’t know from minute to minute. This is one of the hardest and most frustrating components of chronic pain. 

Even with the most meticulous planning, sometimes the pain flares or is just too fervent. Being able to stand up for three minutes doesn’t necessarily mean we can stand up for 20 minutes, or an hour, or give you a repeat performance.

Just because we managed to sit up for an hour yesterday, does not mean we are able to do the same today.

4. Understand the difference between happy and healthy.

When you have a nasty bug or an injury that suddenly hampers your life, you may feel frustrated and miserable. Chronic pain patients have experienced pain from six months to many years, even decades, without a break. That changes you. It changes how you respond to the pain, as well as how much and how well you hide it.

Pain has caused us to adopt coping strategies that do not necessarily reflect the real level of pain we are feeling. When we see our loved ones, we are happy. Happy is not the same as healthy, but we may choose to hide our pain for others as well as ourselves. Sadly we are often misjudged for it, especially when they rarely see how excruciating and debilitating the consequences are afterwards.

Many struggle to believe you can be in severe pain if you are happy, laughing or simply not voicing the pain in the same way someone without chronic pain would expect, but voicing it does nothing for the pain, in fact focusing on it can make it worse, and only serves to make others feel uncomfortable. Laughter is also one of the most enjoyable ways to manage it and cope.

Respect that the person who is in pain is trying their best. Associating illness with exclusively feeling unhappy or thinking it impossible to be in pain and still find joy is a great source of misunderstanding.

5. Be patient.

If you’re impatient or want someone with pain to “just get on with it,” you risk laying a guilt trip on a person who is already struggling with pain, undermining their determination to cope.

They may have the will to go out or engage in another activity, but have neither the strength nor the coping capacity as a result of severe pain. A chronic pain patient may need to cancel a commitment at the last minute— please do not take it personally.

Instead, always remember how blessed you are to be physically able to walk, sit, stand, run, dance and do all the things that you can do and how sad the patient is at having to cancel [again] due to severe pain, illness and disability.

It’s important to remember that the pain is in charge, not your loved-one or associate. While you could get annoyed, it shows a complete lack of understanding of chronic pain and all they endure on a moment to moment basis.

Always be understanding if they say they have to sit down, lie down, stay in bed, or take medication right now. It means that they have no choice but to do it right now. Chronic pain does not forgive or wait for anyone. We’re already hiding immense pain, and when it flares up, it becomes unimaginable.

6. Noise, crowds and other stimuli can make pain skyrocket.

Another consequence of chronic pain altering how we process pain is that noise, crowds and other stimuli can cause intense increases in its severity.

Sound can cause pain and when that becomes noise, it intensifies. When then fused with all the other stimuli from a crowd, it can open the pain gates and overstimulates our nervous systems, making the pain skyrocket, in turn exacerbating brain fog, so we’re left even less able to explain… or escape it. It can become so complicated, we may avoid it entirely, no matter how rare or deeply we long to go out.

7. Be helpful.

Much as holding onto our independence is so dear to us, frequently we need support in more obvious ways. Living with chronic pain means we depend on healthy people to assist us or visit when we’re too pained-up and sick to leave our home.

A general “let me know if you need anything” is obviously compassionate and deeply appreciated but tends to result in our not accepting it, being too proud or even feeling shame for needing this help. But a specific question, like: “I’m going to the supermarket, can I pick something up for you?” is essentially the same offer but one we’re more likely to accept. It also doesn’t leave us feeling indebted in ways we cannot repay. We may need help with shopping, cooking, cleaning, getting to the doctor or collecting medication. Some may need help with their children. Changing bed sheets, for instance, is an immense or impossible task in pain but one so deeply appreciated.

You can be an immensely healing link to the normalcy of life and support them.

Being able to talk about the pain openly with others is important — it’s such an all-encompassing part of our lives — and not talking about it or defining us exclusively by it is, too, and it helps us feel less isolated or distanced by the pain. It offers a little taste of normal, which is, after all, what so many living with chronic pain and complex illness truly long for.

This blog was originally published on The Princess in the Tower.

Jo Malby  •  Follow

Jo is a writer, CRPS warrior and founder of The Princess in the Tower — a chronic pain healing portal to offer comfort, strength and support to fellow pain and chronic illness warriors — but she’s also been a magazine feature writer, a trumpeter in a jazz band, a traveling vagabond, a journalist, an artist, activist, published in the broadsheets (for the right reasons), almost eaten by a crocodile (for the wrong reasons), a volunteer in India, lost in the Himalayas, found in the Mediterranean sea, a poet, purveyor of love and lover of life, and a skydiving, rock-climbing, scuba diving, mountain-biking, fitness-loving 22 year old when CRPS arrived with a jolt. After clinging to her much-loved career like a mosquito in the breeze until the painful neurological disease became systemic, she was bedridden for 8 years. In a life of such extremes and from that bed, the princess in the tower was created. She’s never stopped learning potential healing modalities, inhaling books and courses for air (with diplomas ranging from nutrition to acupressure to psychology to Traditional Chinese Medicine to chronic pain management), for the silver lining in all of this is in helping fellow pain warriors. Knowing just how hard it is to live with constant pain and complex systemic illness, she is fuelled by a deep passion to support others while managing her own condition through a fusion of practices alongside her writing, art, yoga, meditation and unquenchable thirst for books. Jo does her best to balance her projects, passion for writing and helping others with her obvious deficit of spoons, and despite being frequently floored by the capricious nature of CRPS, refuses to let it still nor stop her quest to support other kindred spirits, wayward princesses and pain warriors. She also shares offerings for creative souls at her sister site, Inspire Portal which fuses writing and creativity with ancient healing practices. She is also writing her first historical fiction novel.jo-malby

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Raising Money for the American Chronic Pain Association (ACPA)

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Chronic Pain Support Group November 2020 WXIX Fox 19 Calendar

Want to join me in supporting a good cause? I’m raising money for The American Chronic Pain Association and your contribution will make an impact, whether you donate $5 or $500. Every little bit helps. Thank you for your support. I’ve included information about The American Chronic Pain Association below.

Mission Statement:- To facilitate peer support and education for individuals with chronic pain and their families so that these individuals may live more fully in spite of their pain.- To raise awareness among the health care community, policy makers, and the public at large about issues of living with chronic pain.

The information contained in the ACPA website and in communications from ACPA is made available with the understanding that ACPA is not engaged in rendering medical advice or recommendations. The contents of our website and communications are provided for informational purposes only and as a benefit and service in furtherance of the ACPA’s mission. This information should not be used as a substitute for necessary consultations with a qualified health care professional to meet your individual needs. Always consult a medically trained professional with questions and concerns you have regarding your medical condition. No patient-physician or patient-nurse relationship is intended to be created by ACPA making this information available to you. For more information about the American Chronic Pain Association contact us at 800-533-3231 or acpa@acpa.org. Facebook pays all the processing fees for you, so 100% of your donation goes directly to the nonprofit.

Facebook Live with Michele Gargan, PsyD – RSDSA

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Facebook Live with Michele Gargan, PsyD
Thursday, May 20th at 7p Eastern
Please join our next Facebook Live with Michele Gargan, PsyD focused on CRPS and mental health for Mental Health Awareness Month on Thursday, May 20th at 7p Eastern.
Dr. Michele Gargan holds a master’s degree in dance/movement therapy from Hunter College and a doctoral degree in clinical psychology from the Minnesota School of Professional Psychology. From 1978 to 1985 she worked in hospitals and mental health clinics providing direct clinical service as well as holding supervisory and directorship positions. She has specialized training in group and family therapy and has trained colleagues and supervised graduate students in these areas.
Her longstanding interest in the body-mind connection prompted her degree in dance/movement therapy and has led to intensive training in hypnotherapy, biofeedback, and neurofeedback, and an expansion of her practice into the realm of physical pain management. She has published articles about group dynamics and the psychological aspects of chronic pain, and from 2011- 2018 she wrote the “Ask the Doctor” column for Pain Pathways Magazine.
Prior to her clinical career, Dr. Gargan performed professionally with ballet and modern dance companies. She has continued to take several dance classes each week, and to teach, choreograph and perform with local dance companies. She has also presented workshops in movement and nonverbal communication to clinical teams, business teams, high school and college teachers, and health care professionals. She describes her work as combining the elements of scientist, practitioner, and artist.
To join us, go to facebook.com/rsdsa on Thursday, May 20th at 7p Eastern from your computer, tablet, or phone. The video will be pinned to the top of our page! If you miss it, you can rewatch it on our YouTube playlist.
What questions do you have for Dr. Gargan?Send them to us now by replying to this email!2nd Virtual RSDSA CRPS Awareness WalkSaturday, June 26, 2021It’s not too late to join RSDSA’s 2nd Annual Virtual CRPS Awareness Walk!
Much more than just a fundraising event, our Walk brings together individuals, families, friends, and the community so you are not alone. The walk supports our educational programs, networking, research gifts, and hope.
Here’s how to participate in RSDSA’s 2nd Annual Virtual CRPS Awareness Walk on Saturday, June 26th:
Register as an individual walker or as a team. Event registration includes a finisher medal (for U.S./Canadian households only) *Please also note that physically walking is not a requirement.*
Donate by making a financial gift of $25, $50, or whatever you are able, to help us hit our goal. We are 70% to goal and we won’t stop until we reach goal!
Fundraising Incentive Program – Have you seen our Fundraising Incentive Program? RSDSA realizes fundraising is a lot of work. That is why we are thanking our participants for their efforts by offering incentive prizes for different fundraising levels.
Walk or run in your neighborhood or at home on Saturday, June 26th. Complete your intended distance and proudly wear the Walk shirt or orange, to represent CRPS awareness! Please follow your local social distancing ordinances to stay safe.
For questions and more information on the walk, contact Jeri Krassner at jkrassner@rsds.org / 917-597-7256 and/or Kelly Considine at kelly.crpsawareness@gmail.com.

Scapular (Shoulder Blade) Disorders – OrthoInfo – American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons

DISEASES & CONDITIONS

Scapular (Shoulder Blade) Disorders

The scapula, or shoulder blade, is a large triangular-shaped bone that lies in the upper back. The bone is surrounded and supported by a complex system of muscles that work together to help you move your arm. If an injury or condition causes these muscles to become weak or imbalanced, it can alter the position of the scapula at rest or in motion.

An alteration in scapular positioning or motion can make it difficult to move your arm, especially when performing overhead activities, and may cause your shoulder to feel weak. An alteration can also lead to injury if the normal ball-and-socket alignment of your shoulder joint is not maintained.

Treatment for scapular disorders usually involves physical therapy designed to strengthen the muscles in the shoulder and restore the proper position and motion of the scapula.

Anatomy

Your shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint. The head of the humerus (upper arm bone) is the ball and the scapula (shoulder blade) forms the socket where the humerus sits.

The scapula and arm are connected to the body by multiple muscle and ligament attachments. The front of the scapula (acromion) is also connected to the clavicle (collarbone) through the acromioclavicular joint.

As you move your arm around your body, your scapula must also move to maintain the ball and socket in normal alignment.anatomy of the shoulder(Left) The bones of the shoulder. The scapula serves as a site for the attachment of multiple muscles around the shoulder. (Right) The muscles and soft tissues of the shoulder.Reproduced from JF Sarwak, ed: Essentials of Musculoskeletal Care, ed. 4. Rosemont, IL, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2010.

Description

"winged" scapula

This photo shows a patient with a “winged” scapula (arrow). Note the prominence of the medial (inner) border of the bone.

Disorders of the scapula result in a deviation, or alteration, in the:

  • Normal resting position of the scapula, or
  • Normal motion of the scapula as the arm moves

The medical term for these alterations is scapular dyskinesis (“dys”= alteration of, “kinesis” = movement).

In most cases, alterations of the scapula can be seen by looking at the patient from behind. The medial (inner) border of the affected shoulder blade will appear more prominent than the one on the opposite side. This prominence will often be exaggerated as the patient moves his or her arm away from the body.

This is commonly called a “winged” scapula, and is sometimes associated with an audible crunching called a “snapping” scapula.

Related ArticlesDISEASES & CONDITIONSShoulder Injuries in the Throwing AthleteSTAYING HEALTHYBaseball Injury PreventionDISEASES & CONDITIONSScapula (Shoulder Blade) Fractures

Cause

Causes of scapular dyskinesis include:

  • Weakness, imbalance, tightness, or detachment of the muscles that control the scapula
  • Injuries to the nerves that supply the muscles
  • Injuries to the bones that support the scapula or injuries within the shoulder joint

Symptoms

The most common symptoms of scapular dyskinesis include:

  • Pain and/or tenderness around the scapula, especially on the top and medial (inner) border
  • Weakness in the affected arm—your arm may feel “tired” or “dead” when you try to use it vigorously
  • Fatigue with repetitive activities, especially overhead movements
  • Limited range of motion—you may be unable to raise your arm above shoulder height
  • A “crunching” or “snapping” sound with shoulder movement
  • Noticeable protrusion or “winging” of the scapula
  • A drooped or forward tilted posture on the affected side

Home Remedies

In some cases, the symptoms of scapular dyskinesis may improve with simple home treatment that includes:

Restoring good posture. As you perform your everyday activities, try to stand and sit properly. To do this, pull your shoulder blades back together, and bend your elbows down and back as if you are trying to put them in your back pockets.

Balancing your exercise routine. If you are in a regular exercise program, make sure your upper body strength sessions are balanced. For every set of “presses” that you perform, you should do one set of “flys” and two sets of “rows.” Your program should also include stretching exercises for your front shoulder muscles and for shoulder joint rotation.

Heat therapy. Soaking in a hot bath or using a heating pad may help alleviate tight shoulder muscles.

If your symptoms persist, it is important to contact your doctor. He or she can help determine the exact cause of your dyskinesis and provide treatment options.To Top

Doctor Examination

Physical Examination

Your doctor will talk with you about your medical history and general health and ask about your symptoms. He or she will examine your entire shoulder and scapula, looking for injury, weakness, or tightness. In most cases, the physical exam will include the elements below.

Visual observation. Your doctor will look at your affected scapula from behind, comparing it to the noninvolved side. In order to see if scapular dyskinesis is present, your doctor may ask you to move your arms up and down 3 to 5 times, sometimes with light weights in your hands. This will usually reveal any weakness in the muscles and display the dyskinetic patterns.

Manual muscle testing. Your doctor will perform strength testing of your shoulder and scapular muscles to determine if muscle weakness is contributing to the abnormal scapular motion.

Corrective maneuvers. Specific tests involve corrective maneuvers that will help your doctor learn more about your condition. These tests include:

  • Scapular Assistance Test (SAT). In this test, the doctor will apply gentle pressure to your scapula to assist it upward as you elevate your arm. If your symptoms are relieved and the arc of motion is increased, it is an indication that your muscles are not strong enough to raise your arm.

scapular assistance testIn the Scapular Assistance Test, the doctor manually assists the scapula upward as the patient elevates his or her arm.Reproduced from Nicholson GP (ed): Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Shoulder and Elbow 4. Rosemont, IL. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003, p. 589.

  • Scapular Retraction Test (SRT). In this test, the doctor will test your arm strength by pushing down on your extended arm. He or she will then manually place the scapula in a retracted position and test your strength again. In patients with scapular dyskinesis, muscle strength will improve when the shoulder blade is retracted.

scapular retraction testIn the Scapular Retraction Test, the doctor manually retracts the scapula while pushing down on the patient’s extended arm.Reproduced from Nicholson GP (ed): Orthopaedic Knowledge Update: Shoulder and Elbow 4. Rosemont, IL. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, 2003, p. 590.

Imaging Studies

Imaging studies are not always necessary to diagnose scapular dyskinesis. Your doctor may, however, order an imaging study, such as an x-ray, computerized tomography (CT) scan, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan, if he or she suspects a bony abnormality of the scapula (such as an osteochondroma) or an injury to another part of the shoulder.

Treatment

shoulder stretch

Physical therapy exercises will focus on strengthening and stretching the muscles around the shoulder.

Nonsurgical Treatment

In almost all cases, the symptoms of scapular dyskinesis will improve with nonsurgical treatment.

Nonsurgical treatment may include:

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). NSAIDs, such as ibuprofen and naproxen, can help relieve pain and swelling.

Physical therapy. Your doctor or physical therapist will provide an exercise program that targets the specific causes of your dyskinesis. Physical therapy usually focuses on:

  • Strengthening the muscles that stabilize and move the scapula, and
  • Stretching the muscles that are tight and limiting scapular motion

Surgical Treatment

Most patients who have general dyskinesis due to muscle weakness or tightness do not need surgery.

However, if your dyskinesis is being caused by an injury to your shoulder joint, your doctor may perform a procedure to repair or reconstruct the injured tissues. This will be followed by rehabilitation to restore the scapula’s normal motion.

Long-Term Outcomes

Once the causes for your dyskinesis have been addressed and normal scapular position and motion are restored, your doctor may recommend a maintenance conditioning program of flexibility and strengthening. This is especially important if your job or recreational activities involve vigorous or repetitive shoulder and arm movements. These exercises should be done 3 times a week or as recommended by your doctor.